07 33172 Corporate Finance Assignment Answer UK

07 33172 Corporate Finance course delves into the fascinating world of finance as it pertains to corporations and the decision-making processes that drive their success. Corporate finance plays a vital role in enabling companies to achieve their goals, whether it’s raising capital, making investment decisions, managing risk, or maximizing shareholder value.

Throughout this course, we will explore the fundamental principles and concepts of corporate finance, providing you with a comprehensive understanding of the financial tools and techniques used in the corporate realm. From analyzing financial statements and evaluating investment opportunities to understanding the capital structure and dividend policies, this course will equip you with the necessary knowledge and skills to make informed financial decisions in a corporate setting.

Buy Non Plagiarized & Properly Structured Assignment Solution

Buy quality assignments for 07 33172 Corporate Finance course at an affordable price!

At Students Assignment Help UK, we understand the importance of excelling in your Corporate Finance course. That’s why we offer a remarkable opportunity to buy top-notch assignments specifically tailored for the 07 33172 Corporate Finance course. Our team of experienced writers is dedicated to delivering high-quality assignments that meet your academic requirements. Whether you need assistance with financial analysis, investment decisions, or capital budgeting, our experts have got you covered.

In this segment, we will discuss some assignment activities. These are:

Assignment Activity 1: Explain the goals of financial management, working of financial market and the main financial instruments.

The goals of financial management, the workings of financial markets, and the main financial instruments are interconnected aspects of the broader field of finance. Let’s explore each of these concepts in more detail:

Goals of Financial Management: The primary objectives of financial management are to maximize shareholder wealth and increase the value of the firm. To achieve these goals, financial managers focus on the following key objectives:

  1. a) Profit Maximization: Financial managers aim to maximize the profits of the company by generating revenue and minimizing costs. However, profit maximization is often seen as a short-term goal and may not necessarily align with long-term value creation.
  2. b) Wealth Maximization: This objective emphasizes increasing the overall value of the firm, which takes into account factors such as cash flows, risk, and the time value of money. By maximizing shareholder wealth, financial managers aim to ensure the long-term sustainability and growth of the company.
  3. c) Risk Management: Financial managers also focus on managing various types of risks, including financial, market, credit, and operational risks. They employ risk assessment techniques, such as diversification and hedging strategies, to mitigate potential negative impacts on the firm’s financial health.

Working of Financial Markets: Financial markets facilitate the exchange of financial assets, such as stocks, bonds, commodities, currencies, and derivatives, among buyers and sellers. The key functions and characteristics of financial markets include:

  1. a) Capital Allocation: Financial markets enable the efficient allocation of capital by directing funds from savers (investors) to borrowers (companies, governments, individuals) in need of funds for various purposes. This process ensures that funds flow to their most productive uses.
  2. b) Price Determination: Financial markets determine the prices of financial assets through the forces of supply and demand. Market participants, based on their expectations, assessments of risk, and other factors, set prices for assets, which then reflect their perceived value.
  3. c) Liquidity Provision: Financial markets provide liquidity, allowing investors to buy or sell assets quickly and at relatively low transaction costs. Liquidity enhances market efficiency and allows investors to adjust their portfolios as needed.
  4. d) Information Transmission: Financial markets serve as platforms for the dissemination of information. Prices, trading volumes, and other market data reflect investors’ collective knowledge, expectations, and sentiment regarding the underlying assets and the overall economy.

Main Financial Instruments: Financial instruments represent tradable assets that hold monetary value. These instruments serve various purposes and cater to different investment preferences. Some key financial instruments include:

  1. a) Stocks (Equities): Stocks represent ownership shares in a company. By purchasing shares, investors become partial owners and may benefit from dividend payments and potential capital appreciation.
  2. b) Bonds: Bonds are debt instruments issued by governments, municipalities, or corporations. They represent loans made by investors to the issuer, who agrees to pay periodic interest and repay the principal amount at maturity.
  3. c) Derivatives: Derivatives derive their value from an underlying asset or benchmark. Examples include futures contracts, options, and swaps. Derivatives enable investors to speculate on price movements, hedge risks, or manage exposure to specific assets or market factors.
  4. d) Commodities: Commodities are physical goods or raw materials, such as oil, gold, or agricultural products, traded on exchanges. Investors can participate in commodity markets through futures contracts or exchange-traded funds (ETFs).
  5. e) Mutual Funds and ETFs: These investment vehicles pool funds from multiple investors and invest in a diversified portfolio of assets, such as stocks, bonds, or commodities. Investors can buy shares or units in these funds, providing them with exposure to a broad range of securities.

These are just a few examples of financial instruments, and the financial markets offer a wide array of options catering to different investment strategies, risk tolerances, and financial goals.

Assignment Activity 2: Identify and apply the principles underlying time value of money.

The time value of money is a financial concept that recognizes the fact that money has different values at different points in time. It is based on the principle that a dollar received or paid in the future is worth less than a dollar received or paid today. The principles underlying the time value of money can be summarized as follows:

  1. Principle of Future Value (Compounding): This principle states that money invested today will grow over time due to the potential to earn returns or interest. The future value (FV) of an investment is calculated by applying compound interest to the initial amount invested, taking into account the time period and the interest rate.
  2. Principle of Present Value (Discounting): This principle recognizes that the value of a future cash flow is less than its face value today. It is based on the idea that money has the potential to earn returns, and therefore, a dollar received in the future is worth less than a dollar received today. The present value (PV) of a future cash flow is calculated by discounting it at an appropriate discount rate.
  3. Principle of Time: This principle emphasizes that the timing of cash flows is crucial. Money received earlier is generally more valuable than money received later due to the potential to invest it and earn returns. Time plays a crucial role in determining the future value or present value of money.
  4. Principle of Risk and Uncertainty: This principle acknowledges that future cash flows are uncertain, and there is an inherent risk associated with them. The time value of money takes into account the risk and uncertainty by using an appropriate discount rate that reflects the riskiness of the cash flows.
  5. Principle of Opportunity Cost: This principle recognizes that by using money for a particular investment or spending, there is an opportunity cost involved. Investing in one opportunity means forgoing other potential investment options. The time value of money helps in evaluating different investment choices by considering the potential returns and comparing them with the opportunity cost.

To apply these principles, various financial calculations and formulas are used, such as future value (FV), present value (PV), interest rate calculations, discounting cash flows, and determining the time period. These calculations help in making informed financial decisions, evaluating investment opportunities, determining loan repayments, and understanding the true value of money over time.

Please Write Fresh Non Plagiarized Assignment on this Topic

Assignment Activity 3: Compare and contrast the main sources of financing for a company.

There are several main sources of financing for a company, each with its own characteristics and implications. Here, I’ll compare and contrast four common sources of financing: equity financing, debt financing, venture capital, and crowdfunding.

Equity Financing:

  • Equity financing involves raising capital by selling shares or ownership stakes in the company.
  • Investors who purchase shares become partial owners of the company and may have voting rights and entitlement to profits.
  • Advantages: The company does not have to repay the invested amount or pay interest. Investors share the risks and rewards of the business.
  • Disadvantages: The company dilutes its ownership and control as more shares are sold. It may also be challenging to attract equity investors, especially for early-stage companies.

Debt Financing:

  • Debt financing involves borrowing funds from lenders, such as banks or financial institutions, and promising to repay the principal amount with interest.
  • Lenders do not gain ownership or control rights but receive regular interest payments and the repayment of the borrowed amount.
  • Advantages: The company retains ownership and control. Interest payments are tax-deductible, and the debt can be structured with a fixed repayment schedule.
  • Disadvantages: Regular interest payments increase financial obligations. Lenders may require collateral or impose restrictions on the company’s operations. Failure to repay the debt can lead to legal consequences.

Venture Capital:

  • Venture capital involves raising funds from specialized investors or venture capital firms, typically for early-stage and high-growth companies with significant potential.
  • Venture capitalists provide capital in exchange for equity and often take an active role in guiding the company’s strategic decisions.
  • Advantages: Venture capitalists bring industry expertise, networks, and mentorship to the company. Funding can be substantial, helping fuel rapid growth.
  • Disadvantages: Founders may relinquish a significant portion of ownership and decision-making control. Venture capitalists often have high return expectations and may have strict exit strategies.


  • Crowdfunding involves raising small amounts of capital from a large number of individuals through online platforms.
  • Contributors typically receive non-equity-based rewards or products, although equity-based crowdfunding is also emerging.
  • Advantages: It allows companies to access capital from a wide pool of potential investors. It can generate publicity, market validation, and a loyal customer base.
  • Disadvantages: Crowdfunding campaigns require substantial effort and marketing skills. The amounts raised may be limited, and the company may need to deliver on promised rewards.

Assignment Activity 4: Apply basic valuation techniques in investment decisions and valuation of financial securities.

Basic valuation techniques are commonly used in investment decisions and the valuation of financial securities. These techniques help investors assess the worth or intrinsic value of an investment, aiding them in making informed decisions. Here are some fundamental valuation methods:

  1. Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) Analysis: DCF is a widely used valuation method that estimates the present value of future cash flows generated by an investment. It involves projecting the cash flows expected from the investment and discounting them back to the present using an appropriate discount rate. The net present value (NPV) is then calculated by subtracting the initial investment from the present value of future cash flows.
  2. Comparable Company Analysis (CCA): CCA involves comparing the financial metrics of a company with similar publicly traded companies. Key metrics such as price-to-earnings ratio (P/E), price-to-sales ratio (P/S), or price-to-book ratio (P/B) are used to assess the relative value of the company being analyzed. This method relies on the assumption that similar companies should have similar valuations.
  3. Comparable Transaction Analysis (CTA): CTA is similar to CCA but focuses on comparing the financial metrics of recent transactions involving similar companies. This method is particularly useful in valuing private companies or assets that do not have readily available market prices.
  4. Dividend Discount Model (DDM): DDM is primarily used to value stocks that pay dividends. It calculates the present value of expected future dividend payments by discounting them back to the present using an appropriate discount rate. The value of the stock is derived from the sum of the present values of all future expected dividends.
  5. Price/Earnings (P/E) Ratio: The P/E ratio is a simple yet widely used valuation metric. It compares the price of a stock to its earnings per share (EPS). A higher P/E ratio suggests a higher valuation relative to earnings, indicating that investors expect higher future growth.
  6. Book Value: Book value is calculated by subtracting a company’s total liabilities from its total assets. It represents the net worth of a company based on its accounting records. Comparing the book value per share with the stock’s market price provides an indication of the stock’s relative value.

It’s important to note that these valuation techniques serve as a starting point and should be used in conjunction with other factors and analysis to make well-informed investment decisions. Additionally, each method has its limitations and assumptions that should be considered when applying them.

Pay & Get Instant Solution of this Assignment of Essay by UK Writers

Assignment Activity 5: Apply the quantitative techniques, and explain the principles, underlying portfolio selection and diversification.

Portfolio selection and diversification are essential concepts in finance that aim to maximize returns while minimizing risk. Several quantitative techniques can be applied to assist in the process of portfolio selection and diversification. Some of the prominent techniques include mean-variance analysis, correlation analysis, and the capital asset pricing model (CAPM).

Mean-Variance Analysis: Mean-variance analysis is a widely used quantitative technique that considers both the expected return and the risk associated with each investment option. The principle underlying this technique is that investors seek to maximize their expected returns while minimizing the variance (or standard deviation) of their portfolio’s returns. It assumes that investors are risk-averse and prefer portfolios with higher expected returns and lower volatility.

The mean-variance analysis involves calculating the expected returns and the variances (or standard deviations) of individual assets and their correlations. By combining assets with different expected returns and variances, an investor can construct an efficient frontier, which represents the set of portfolios that provide the highest expected return for a given level of risk or the lowest risk for a given level of expected return. The optimal portfolio is then selected from the efficient frontier based on the investor’s risk tolerance.

Correlation Analysis: Correlation analysis is another quantitative technique used in portfolio selection and diversification. The principle behind correlation analysis is that assets with low or negative correlations tend to move independently of each other, providing diversification benefits. Diversification helps reduce the overall risk of the portfolio by spreading investments across different asset classes or securities that are not perfectly correlated.

By analyzing the historical price data of different assets, correlations can be calculated to determine how the returns of one asset move in relation to another. Ideally, investors seek to include assets in their portfolio that have low correlations with each other, as it reduces the portfolio’s vulnerability to systematic risks. Correlation analysis helps identify assets that can provide diversification benefits and mitigate risk.

Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM): The CAPM is a quantitative model that assists in estimating the expected return of an individual asset or portfolio based on its risk relative to the market. The principle underlying the CAPM is that an investor should be compensated for the systematic risk (beta) they assume by investing in an asset or portfolio.

The CAPM calculates the expected return of an asset or portfolio using the following formula: Expected Return = Risk-Free Rate + Beta × (Market Return – Risk-Free Rate)

The risk-free rate represents the return on a risk-free investment, such as government bonds, and the market return is the average return of the overall market. Beta measures the sensitivity of an asset’s returns to market movements. Assets with betas greater than 1 are more volatile than the market, while assets with betas less than 1 are less volatile.

By applying the CAPM, investors can evaluate the expected returns of individual assets or portfolios and select assets with higher expected returns relative to their systematic risk.

Assignment Activity 6: Use and explain the capital-asset-pricing-model and other factor models and the principles underlying asset valuation and market efficiency.

The Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) and other factor models are widely used in finance to estimate the expected return and risk of an investment. These models are based on the principles underlying asset valuation and market efficiency. Let’s explore these concepts in detail:

Asset Valuation: Asset valuation is the process of determining the intrinsic value of an investment. The underlying principle is that an asset’s value is derived from its future cash flows, considering the time value of money. The main methods of asset valuation include discounted cash flow analysis, comparable sales, and option pricing models.

Market Efficiency: Market efficiency refers to the degree to which prices of assets reflect all available information. In an efficient market, asset prices quickly adjust to new information, making it difficult for investors to consistently outperform the market. Market efficiency is categorized into three forms:
a. Weak-Form Efficiency: Prices fully reflect all past publicly available information, such as historical prices and trading volume. Technical analysis techniques, which rely on historical price patterns, are generally ineffective in weak-form efficient markets.
b. Semi-Strong Form Efficiency: Prices reflect all publicly available information, including past prices, financial statements, news releases, and other non-confidential information. Fundamental analysis, which examines financial statements and economic indicators, is unable to consistently generate excess returns in semi-strong form efficient markets.
c. Strong-Form Efficiency: Prices reflect all information, whether public or private. In strong-form efficient markets, even insider information cannot be used to consistently generate excess returns.

Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM): CAPM is a widely used factor model that helps determine the expected return on an investment. The model considers the risk-free rate of return, the expected market return, and the asset’s systematic risk, as measured by beta. The CAPM formula is as follows:
Expected Return = Risk-Free Rate + Beta * (Expected Market Return – Risk-Free Rate)
The risk-free rate represents the return on an investment with zero risk, typically measured using government bonds. The market risk premium is the excess return investors demand for bearing systematic risk. Beta measures an asset’s sensitivity to overall market movements. A beta of 1 indicates that the asset moves in line with the market, while a beta greater than 1 implies higher volatility, and a beta less than 1 suggests lower volatility.

Other Factor Models: Apart from the CAPM, other factor models have been developed to explain asset returns based on additional risk factors. Examples include:
a. Fama-French Three-Factor Model: This model incorporates the market risk factor (beta) along with two additional factors: the size factor (small-cap vs. large-cap stocks) and the value factor (high book-to-market ratio vs. low book-to-market ratio stocks). It provides a more nuanced explanation of asset returns.
b. Carhart Four-Factor Model: This model extends the Fama-French model by adding a momentum factor, which captures the tendency of assets that have performed well in the past to continue performing well in the future.

These factor models attempt to explain asset returns by considering additional risk factors beyond the market risk, providing a more comprehensive approach to asset pricing.

Assignment Activity 7: Critically appraise the major models proposed to explain corporate capital structure and dividend policies and practices.

Corporate capital structure and dividend policies and practices are crucial aspects of financial management for companies. Various models have been proposed to explain and guide these decisions. In this response, I will critically appraise some of the major models in the field.

  1. Trade-off theory: The trade-off theory suggests that firms determine their optimal capital structure by balancing the benefits of debt (tax advantages, lower cost of capital) with the costs (financial distress, agency costs). Similarly, dividend policies are viewed as a trade-off between retaining earnings for growth opportunities and distributing dividends to shareholders. While the trade-off theory provides a useful framework, it assumes that firms have a target capital structure and dividend payout ratio. However, empirical evidence has shown mixed results, with some studies supporting the theory while others find weak or no support.
  2. Pecking order theory: The pecking order theory proposes that firms prioritize their sources of financing based on their cost and availability. According to this theory, companies prefer internal financing (retained earnings) over external financing (debt and equity) to avoid information asymmetry and signaling problems. Dividends are paid when firms have excess cash flows. The pecking order theory recognizes that capital structure and dividend decisions are influenced by the firm’s financial constraints. However, it does not explicitly address the trade-offs between debt and equity financing and does not provide clear guidance on dividend policies.
  3. Agency theory: Agency theory focuses on the conflicts of interest between shareholders and managers. It suggests that managers may have incentives to pursue inefficient investments or consume excessive perquisites, leading to agency costs. Capital structure decisions can be used to align the interests of shareholders and managers, such as through debt contracts with monitoring provisions. Dividends can serve as a mechanism to reduce agency costs by signaling management’s confidence in the firm’s future prospects. While agency theory provides insights into the motivations behind capital structure and dividend decisions, it does not offer precise guidelines for optimal choices.
  4. Signaling theory: Signaling theory suggests that capital structure and dividend policies can be used to convey information to external stakeholders. For example, firms with low debt levels may signal their positive prospects and low riskiness, leading to a higher valuation. Similarly, dividend changes can signal a firm’s confidence in its future earnings. Signaling theory provides a behavioral perspective on capital structure and dividend decisions but lacks a definitive framework for determining optimal choices.
  5. Market timing theory: Market timing theory posits that firms attempt to time the market by issuing equity when their shares are overvalued and repurchasing shares or paying dividends when they are undervalued. This theory assumes that managers possess superior information about their firm’s value, which is often difficult to validate. Market timing decisions can be influenced by behavioral biases and may not necessarily lead to value creation.

Buy Non Plagiarized & Properly Structured Assignment Solution

Purchase affordable assignments of 07 33172 Corporate Finance from skilled writers and have your tasks completed quickly!

The assignment sample discussed above is based on the course 07 33172 Corporate Finance. It serves as a demonstration of the high-quality work that our assignment helpers provide to students seeking assistance with their assignments. At Assignment Help UK, we understand the importance of delivering well-crafted assignments that meet the academic standards and requirements of our clients.

When you approach us for help with finance assignments, you can expect top-notch quality work. Our experts follow a systematic approach to understand your requirements, conduct thorough research, and develop well-structured and coherent assignments. In addition to finance assignments, we also offer assistance with various other subjects and disciplines. Our team includes expert essay writers who are skilled in crafting well-researched and professionally written essays. 

To avail yourself of our services, all you need to do is reach out to us and request, “do my assignment UK“. Our customer support team is available to assist you round the clock, ensuring that your queries are promptly addressed. Once you provide us with the details of your assignment, our experts will analyze the requirements and begin working on delivering a high-quality solution within the specified deadline.

do you want plagiarism free & researched assignment solution!


Get Your Assignment Completed At Lower Prices

Plagiarism Free Solutions
100% Original Work
24*7 Online Assistance
Native PhD Experts
Hire a Writer Now